Migrants in Ciudad Juarez and other Mexican border towns were cautiously optimistic as the policy took effect on Tuesday, with U.S. officials still calling those on lists of asylum seekers to cross the bridge into the United States and apply.
The new rule requires asylum-seekers crossing a third country on the way to the United States to first pursue safe-haven there, precluding claims for the thousands who traverse Central American countries and Mexico to reach the U.S. border.
Although migrants could still be granted interviews with U.S. asylum officers or face a U.S. immigration judge, the bar will be much higher.
However, President Donald Trump’s latest crackdown on immigration ahead of his 2020 re-election bid does not change the way asylum seekers are initially processed at the border, the Department of Homeland Security confirmed on Wednesday.
“Aliens subject to the third-country-transit asylum bar will be processed through existing procedures,” a DHS spokeswoman, who asked not to be identified, told Reuters.
Human rights groups, including the American Civil Liberties Union, have sued to block the measure, saying it violates U.S. asylum obligations and forces people to remain in countries “rife with danger.”
Mexican officials on Tuesday called numbers from the list of several thousand people waiting to apply for asylum in Ciudad Juarez, which borders El Paso, Texas.
Ten people were called and entered the United States in the morning, and 10 more followed in the afternoon, Ciudad Juarez human rights director Rogelio Pinal said.
About 750 miles (1,207 km) away in Tijuana, migrants on the list were called for interviews in San Diego, California, on Tuesday, a Reuters witness said.
“WHAT WOULD YOU ADVISE?”
Karina Reyes, a 34-year-old from Cuba, paced outside an immigration office in Ciudad Juarez on Tuesday, anxious for the chance to finally seek asylum.
She began her journey in October by flying to Guyana, which has loose visa requirements for those from the Communist-run island, and slowly made her way north. She arrived at Ciudad Juarez in April to face a three-month wait to seek protection in the United States.
“After waiting for so long, we want it to be worth it,” Reyes said between swigs of Diet Coke, saying she had been too nervous to sleep the night before.
Minutes later, she was among the first summoned across the bridge to the Customs and Border Protection offices since the rule took effect.
About 10,000 people are waiting in Mexican border towns to make asylum claims, as a U.S. practice called “metering” limits the number of asylum claims at ports of entry each day. Many other asylum seekers cross illegally and hand themselves in to border officials.
News of the policy alarmed migrants, as it is expected to allow more people to be deported home more quickly.
On Monday night, in the countdown to the new policy, some migrants considered making a last-ditch attempt to reach the United States, Pinal said.
A steady stream of migrants arrived at the bridge through the evening, said Pinal, who was at the scene, mulling whether to cross. One young woman, a migrant from Cuba, asked a question that stopped him in his tracks, he added.
“If you were my father, what would you advise me to do?” the woman said through tears.
The woman was in a precarious position, since her husband had reached the United States ahead of her and she had no one in Mexico to help her.
Pinal said he advised the woman to try her luck on the bridge, for what might be her last chance at lodging an asylum claim.
The woman heeded his advice but soon turned back, saying that U.S. officials told her that the long queue of waiting migrants would still get the chance for a claim, Pinal said.
Most of the 40 to 50 migrants counseled at the bridge by Pinal and other officials made the same decision, opting to wait in Mexico. They are likely to face a tougher bar as a result.
There were only a few exceptions to the bar on migrants seeking asylum at the U.S.-Mexico border, John Lafferty, head of the asylum division at U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, told staff in an email on Monday.
A “victim of a severe form of trafficking in persons” would be among such exceptions, for example, Lafferty added.
The guidelines also raised the standard of screening for other forms of protection, such as the Convention Against Torture and withholding of removal, for those the new rule makes ineligible for asylum.
Though Pinal does not know how the process will play out, he was reassured that U.S. officials followed the list on Tuesday.
“I breathed a big sigh of relief,” he said.
Reporting by Julie Love; Additional reporting by Mica Rosenberg in Washington, Kristina Cooke in San Francisco and Lizbeth Diaz in Tijuana; Editing by Frank Jack Daniel and Leslie Adler