Indonesia earthquake and tsunami: Dead buried in mass grave

Indonesia earthquake and tsunami: Dead buried in mass grave

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Media captionTsunami survivor: “I was hugging my wife, but when the wave came… I immediately lost her”

Volunteers have begun burying victims of Indonesia’s deadly earthquake and tsunami in a mass grave.

Friday’s disaster devastated swathes of the eastern Sulawesi island and has left at least 844 people dead.

Some remote areas have yet to be contacted, and there are fears that the death toll could rise further.

A lack of heavy lifting equipment is hampering rescuers’ attempts to reach people who remain alive in the ruins of collapsed buildings.

Dozens of people are feared to be underneath the rubble of one hotel alone, the Roa-Roa in the devastated resort of Palu.

Image copyright AFP/Getty Images
Image caption Volunteers filling a mass grave were instructed to prepare for a total of 1,300 victims to arrive

In Sigi, south of Palu, the bodies of 34 children were found at a church which was engulfed in mud and debris, Indonesia Red Cross spokeswoman Aulia Arriani was quoted as saying by Reuters.

She said the children were on a “Bible camp”.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption An aerial photo of the devastation in the Donggala area, north of Palu

Indonesia’s National Disaster Mitigation Agency confirmed to the BBC that none of the country’s tsunami detector buoys were working before Sulawesi was hit.

Agency spokesman Sutopo Purwo Nugroho said the 21 floating detection units – which are connected to deep sea sensors – had been damaged by vandals or stolen.

A tsunami warning was still sent out – but it appears to have drastically underestimated the scale of the waves that would follow.

Many people in Palu did not receive alerts because of power cuts caused by the tremor. There were also no sirens located along the coast.

What’s the current situation on the ground?

“Communication is limited, heavy machinery is limited… it’s not enough for the numbers of buildings that collapsed,” said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho.

Yenni Suryani, of Catholic Relief Services, said aid agencies were struggling to get staff into affected areas as the main airport at Palu was damaged, landslides had cut road links and “power is out almost everywhere”.

Some survivors have been looting shops for food, water and fuel, telling reporters they have run out of supplies.

Reuters news agency reports that police are escorting aid convoys to prevent supplies being stolen.

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Media captionIndonesia quake looter: “We need to eat”

President Joko Widodo visited the region, urging a “day and night” effort to rescue survivors.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Military aircraft have been evacuating some of the injured

Government officials say some 1,200 inmates escaped from three prisons in the region as the quake struck.

Victims buried

In the hills above Palu, volunteers filling a mass grave were instructed to prepare for a total of 1,300 victims to arrive.

Trucks arrived with bodies wrapped in orange, yellow and black body bags. They were dragged into the grave and motorised diggers poured earth on top.

Image copyright Reuters

But many people are still looking for missing loved ones.

Adi told AFP he was hugging his wife by the beach in Palu when the tsunami struck, and has not seen her since.

“When the wave came, I lost her,” he said. “I was carried about 50 metres. I couldn’t hold anything.”

Patients and corpses side by side

By Rebecca Henschke, BBC News, Palu

Lying on a stretcher in the dark outside the Mamboro health clinic in Palu is a five-year-old girl with a broken leg. She was found alone, Doctor Sasono tells me. “We don’t know where her family is and she doesn’t remember where they live.” His clinic has no power and is running out of medical supplies.

A few metres from her stretcher bed are rows of bodies in bags. The smell of decomposition fills the air. Dr Sasono says they will be buried in mass graves to stop the spread of diseases: “They are starting to smell. We want to wait for relatives to pick them up, but we can’t wait any longer.”

Rows of rubble lie all along the shoreline where vibrant fishing villages once stood.

People’s possessions lie smashed together, with cars and boats tossed around by the massive waves. Amid the rubble are tents where families are sleeping out in the open.

Why was the tsunami so destructive?

The 7.5-magnitude quake occurred at a depth of 10km (6.2 miles) just off Sulawesi at 18:03 (10:03 GMT) on Friday, setting off a tsunami.

The earthquake was powerful but shallow and with more lateral than vertical movement, not typically the kind of tremor that sets off tsunamis.

A warning system was put in place across the whole Pacific region after the 2004 disaster, which killed nearly a quarter of a million people.

Videos show people screaming as waves 6m (20ft) high power over the beach – where a festival was being set-up – sweeping up everything in their path.

Indonesia lies on the Pacific “Ring of Fire” where tectonic plates collide and many of the world’s volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur.


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