Malaysia’s Anwar Ibrahim freed from jail after Mahathir election win

Malaysia’s Anwar Ibrahim freed from jail after Mahathir election win

Anwar IbrahimImage copyright Reuters
Image caption Anwar Ibrahim was greeted by his supporters

Malaysian reform politician Anwar Ibrahim has been freed from jail, describing his party’s election win as “a new dawn for Malaysia”.

Once seen as a future leader, he was jailed on sodomy and corruption charges after falling out with the government.

Malaysia’s new Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad sought a pardon for Mr Anwar, which was granted on Wednesday morning.

Mr Mahathir has promised to step aside for Mr Anwar to become prime minister within two years.

The politician was jailed for a second time three years ago on what he said were trumped-up sodomy charges.

After his release, he told a news conference he thanked the people of Malaysia, who “stood by the principles of democracy and freedom”.

“They demand change.”

For years Mr Anwar headed Malaysia’s opposition movement, which has just defeated the former ruling party for the first time in the country’s history.

Last week’s shock election victory followed a reconciliation between Mr Anwar and 92-year-old Mr Mahathir, who sacked and jailed him 20 years ago during his first stint as prime minister.

Mr Anwar said he had forgiven Mr Mahathir and stressed he would give full support to the new government, though not immediately be part of it.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Mahathir Mohamad served as prime minister before, for 22 years

Mr Anwar walked free out of a hospital in the capital Kuala Lumpur where he had been undergoing treatment for a shoulder problem.

Supporters camped out at the hospital trailed him to the Istana Negara royal palace where he met Mr Mahathir.

“Long live Anwar,” supporters on motorbikes yelled as they pull into the royal compound in support of their newly-freed leader.

“He is a symbol of freedom to Malaysians like me,” 59-year old Ahmad Samsuddin told the BBC.

“Finally. It feels like the tide of change is turning in Malaysia after so many years of injustice. Today is a historic day with Anwar’s release and will get even better.”

Image caption Supporters of Mr Anwar celebrated his release

Extraordinary twists and turns

The story of the relationship Mr Mahathir and Mr Anwar is one of extraordinary twists and turns.

During the 1990s they were political allies, serving as prime minister and deputy PM respectively.

But Mr Anwar was sacked in 1998 after falling out with his political mentor and was jailed a year later for abuse of power. In 2000 he was convicted of sodomy and given an additional nine-year jail term.

In 2004 his conviction was overturned and he led the opposition to unprecedented gains – though remained short of victory – in the 2008 and 2013 general elections.

One year later when he was heading into a state election he seemed likely to win, he was sent back to jail.

Image copyright Reuters
Image caption Mr Najib consistently denied allegations of corruption

Events took a remarkable turn earlier this year, when Mr Mahathir announced he would join forces with the opposition and run for top office once again.

Mr Mahathir said he was sick of the corruption allegations plaguing the incumbent Najib Razak, another of his former allies.

One condition for Mr Mahathir being allowed to lead the opposition coalition was that he agreed to secure a royal pardon for Mr Anwar who remained popular with his supporters.

Mr Mahathir agreed, and further said he intended to hand the prime ministerial post to Mr Anwar within two years.

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